According to the 2011 Canadian census, there are more than 1,400,000 Aboriginal People in Canada. The term Aboriginal comprises three culturally diverse groups of people: the First Nations, the Métis Nation and Inuit. They are the youngest and fastest growing segment of Canada’s population yet when compared to non-Aboriginal Canadians, they consistently have lower education levels and lower standards of living. The facts below reflect the challenges Aboriginal Canadians face, but by working together with Aboriginal leadership across the country these statistics can and are being changed.
Aboriginal students tend to:
- Have much higher levels of poverty and more special needs than non-Aboriginal students
- Be considered “at risk”
- Change schools frequently
- Have lower achievement levels
- Have less parental involvement
Incarceration: in 2011, Aboriginal adults accounted for over 23% of prison admissions although they represent only 4% of the Canadian population.
Suicide: the suicide rate for Canadian Aboriginal people is twice the rate of non-Aboriginals; the Aboriginal youth suicide rate is six times the rate of non-Aboriginal youth.